What Causes Tan Skin?
Exposure of the skin to ultraviolet (UV) radiation increases the production of melanin to protect the skin from damage. Melanin is the pigment responsible for imparting colour to the eyes, hair, and skin. The increase in melanin causes the skin to darken, which is referred to as tanning.
UV rays are a type of radiation from the sun to the earth’s surface. The two forms of UV rays that reach the earth are UVA and UVB. UVB rays cause sunburn, whereas UVA rays travel deep into the skin and cause damage. Melanin is produced by the body to protect itself from UVA radiation. As a result, the skin becomes darkened, which is why you get tan.
Symptoms of Tan Skin:
The main symptom of skin tan is skin tone darkening within 48 hours of sun exposure.
Suggested Home Remedies for Tan Skin:
Some of the home remedies for skin tan treatment are as follows:
Saffron provides protection from exposure to ultraviolet rays, which cause damage to the skin. Saffron acts as a natural sunscreen to protect from damage caused due to the sun. Saffron is also said to possess skin lightening and tan lightening properties. It can be used with milk to lighten skin colour. You can also put saffron as an ingredient in homemade face masks.
2. Grape Seeds
Grape seeds are rich in vitamin C and vitamin E. It stops hyperpigmentation due to increased melanin synthesis. By stopping melanin synthesis, it might provide skin lightening effects. The oil obtained by pressing grape seeds can be applied directly to the skin. You can also mix this oil with your face or body moisturiser and apply it to the skin.
3. Green Tea
Green tea provides protective benefits against skin damage caused due to ultraviolet rays exposure.4 Tanning is also a sign of damage caused due to the sun. Green tea can be applied directly to the skin. You also can use green tea to make a facemask and apply it to the skin to get good results.
4. Beefsteak Plant
This herb is used as an ingredient in cosmetic formulations. It has antioxidant effects and anti-ageing properties. It is also used as a skin-lightening agent in hyperpigmentation. The skin lightening effect might be beneficial to manage tan.
Consumption of coffee may be beneficial in reducing skin damage due to sunlight (photodamage). You can also apply coffee to the skin by mixing it with your homemade face mask. Mixing coffee grounds with olive oil and applying it to the face in a circular motion will also give you good results.
6. Liquorice Root
Liquorice root extract is a part of many cosmetic formulations meant for skin lightening. It imparts skin lightening effects by reducing the overproduction of melanin. To use liquorice root for your skin, you can make liquorice root powder and apply it directly to the affected area.
7. Aloe Vera Gel
Aloe vera imparts protective benefits to the skin against ultraviolet radiation damage like tanning. It has antioxidant and free radical scavenging properties that are beneficial for the skin. You can apply aloe vera gel directly to the skin to get the benefits.
You can also follow these steps to protect your skin from UV radiation and prevent the worsening of your skin tan.
8. Limiting Sun Exposure
Between 10 am to 4 pm, the sun’s rays are strongest. Avoid staying out during this time. It is important to know that you can still get sun exposure on cloudy days or in the shade.
9. Wearing Sunglasses
Use sunglasses that block UVA as well as UVB radiation. Sunglasses will also provide protection to the tender skin around the eyes from sun damage.
10. Using a Good Sunscreen
You should use a broad-spectrum sunscreen that gives protection from both UVA and UVB radiation. The sunscreen should have a sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 or higher. In case of lighter skin tone, you can use sunscreen with an SPF 30 or higher. You need to apply sunscreen 20 to 30 minutes before going outside and reapply it every 2 hours.
11. Wearing a hat
Wearing a hat with a broader brim made from lightly woven fabric will provide good sun protection. You can wear a hat that covers your face, ears, and the back of your neck. You can wear hats made of canvas.
12. Wearing Protective Clothing
Wear long-sleeve shirts, long pants, and long skirts. Use clothes made from lightly woven fabric as it will provide good sun protection.