What Causes Dry Scalp?
The dry scalp usually occurs due to a lack of enough oil or excessive oil that results in bacterial growth leading to itching and dryness.
Dry scalp is usually triggered due to the following underlying conditions:
Symptoms of Dry Scalp:
- Atopic dermatitis (characterised by red and itchy skin)
- Psoriasis vulgaris (a skin disease that causes red, itchy, scaly patches)
- Seborrheic dermatitis (a skin condition that results in scaly patches and severe dandruff)
- Low humidity during winter
- Wrong skincare due to usage of an excessive amount of shampoo
- Tinea capitis (scalp ringworm)
- Actinic keratosis (rough, scaly patch on the scalp due to several years of sun exposure)
Dry skin and dandruff can appear similarly on your scalp, making it difficult to distinguish between the two without the expertise of a dermatologist (skin and hair doctor). When you have a dry scalp, you will notice scalp itchiness and flakes of skin from your scalp.Suggested Home Remedies for Dry Scalp:
One of the best remedies for dry scalp is herbal hair oils. They aid in moisturising the scalp. In addition, herbal hair oils help the sebaceous (oil-producing) glands function normally by supplying essential elements for hair growth. Some home remedies that can be used for dry scalp are:1. Hibiscus Flower
This flower is a good source of vitamin A and C. It contains antioxidant, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory properties. Herbal hair masks made with hibiscus flower paste or hibiscus infused oil help in conditioning your hair and thus can be used for dry scalp.2. Aloe Vera:
Aloe vera helps in soothing the skin and keeping it moist. This property of aloe vera is beneficial for avoiding the dry and flaky scalp. It proves to be an excellent skin smoothening moisturiser when mixed with selected essential oils.3. Fenugreek:
This natural remedy can be used to soothe a dry and itchy scalp. Fenugreek contains nutrients like vitamin C, potassium, iron, protein and lecithin. All these nutrients strengthen hair follicles and maintain hair health.4. Flaxseed:
This is also known as common flax or linseed. Flaxseed is filled with antioxidants and fatty acids, which help eliminate toxins and dead cells from the scalp. It can be used as a moisturiser on the scalp and help strengthen hair.5. Curry Leaves:
The oil prepared from curry leaves is a known remedy for scalp infections and helps in conditioning the hair. Hence, it is indicated for scalp dryness. It is filled with antioxidants like vitamin C, E, A, and folic acid is an effective remedy for nourishing your hair.6. Shikakai:
It can be mixed with water to create a paste. This paste can be applied to the scalp as a conditioner. It can be used to clean the hair. Due to its low pH, shikakai
does not damage your hair or remove its natural oils while cleansing.7. Coconut Oil:
Coconut oil is good for pitta dosh people (they sweat profusely on exposure to heat) because it is a cooling oil. It is high in vitamin K, E, and other minerals. It helps combat scalp dryness and scalp infections and imparts lustre to hair.8. Castor Oil:
This oil can be used as a moisturiser for the scalp and hair. It helps to manage a dry scalp. Castor is known to enhance blood circulation and improve blood flow. It also has anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties.9. Amla:
The juice obtained from amla or dried amla can be applied to hair as a hair mask. This remedy can fight against dry scalp and strengthen the hair follicles. Its oil also helps reduce scalp infections and irritations.10. Proper Washing Method:
It is necessary to use a proper washing method that will not irritate the scalp. You must spread some shampoo on the palms of both hands, then gently apply it to the back and the top of the head to the front of the head, using the balls of the fingers rather than the nails. Next, you should rinse the roots using fingers to allow warm water to reach the roots. A moisturising lotion can be applied to the dry area of the scalp.