Effective Home Remedies For Blackheads

Blackheads, also called open comedones, are dark, tiny spots visible on the skin.They are a type of acne. Blackheads are open cavities on the skin filled with dead skin and excess oil. They commonly affect the face, neck, chest, and back areas. Usually, adolescents experience blackheads, but they can occur at any age. When the open skin pores get clogged with dead skin, oil and bacteria, the upper surface darkens to form a blackhead. The skin pores stay open in the case of blackheads. When the pores close, they turn into a whitehead.

What Causes Blackheads:
Our skin all over the body has sebaceous glands, and most of these glands are connected to a hair follicle. These glands produce an oily substance called sebum. Comedones are formed due to inflammation of a sebaceous gland or a hair follicle. Blackheads are open comedones. The following causes can lead to inflammation of a hair follicle or sebaceous gland:
  • Increased production of sebum
  • Increased production of androgen hormones i.e., testosterone
  • Abnormal keratin formation
  • Increased bacteria on skin that produces acne
Symptoms of Blackheads:
Blackheads are dark, visibly open bumps on the skin. They are nothing but a milder form of acne. Blackheads look black on the surface of the skin as the sebum gets oxidized on coming in contact with air, not because they are dirty.
Home Remedies for Blackheads:
Some people try to pop blackheads or try to squeeze them out, in an effort to get rid of them. However, doing so is worsening the problem, not solving it. You may remove the clogged sebum from the blackhead and leave a scar. In addition, the open pore will get filled with more oil or bacteria in course of time. Also, there are chances that the entire blackhead is not removed, leaving behind some part that might get infected later.
You can use some of these home remedies to remove blackheads safely and naturally:
1. Salt or Sugar Scrub:
  • Exfoliate the surface of your skin using a salt or sugar scrub. The natural roughness of these substances removes the dead cells on the skin surface. Do the following steps:
  • Wash your face with any cleanser
  • Apply salt or sugar to the affected region
  • Massage them on the skin in small, circular/round motions for about 30 seconds
  • When finished, thoroughly rinse your face with water to remove all traces of the scrub
  • You will be able to see that the blackhead has been removed entirely
2. Tea Tree Oil:
Tea tree oil can stop bacterial growth.
Tea tree oil is an essential oil obtained from the ends of branches and leaves of Melaleuca alternifolia tree belonging to the family Myrtaceae. Tea tree oil has antioxidant, antibacterial, antifungal, and antiviral properties that help fight bacteria, virus, and free radicals. That’s how it can be very helpful in several skin conditions.
NOTE: Do not take tea tree oil orally. It is toxic if taken orally at higher doses. Oral poisoning in adults and children has been well-documented.
  • To use the blackhead-busting properties of tea tree, take some cotton and add a few drops of tea tree oil to the cotton ball.
  • Dab it all over the blackheads and leave it on for as long as you can.
3. Green Tea:
Green tea is an antioxidant.
The oil production in your skin can be reduced with the help of wet green tea leaves. Green tea has several health benefits. The health benefits are mainly due to the polyphenols that are present in green tea. It acts as an antioxidant, antibacterial, and antiviral that helps fight bacteria, viruses, and free radicals.
  • Take dry green tea leaves and mix them with water.
  • Massage the wet leaves onto your skin.
  • Massage the area for up to 30 sec in small, circular motions.
  • As you are done, rinse your face with water.
When to Seek Medical Help:
Mostly blackheads subside in early adulthood, but some people continue to develop blackheads all their lives. It depends on how deep the blackheads are rooted in your skin. Mostly, they disappear on their own if they are close to the skin surface, but some blackheads get deeply rooted in the skin. These blackheads have a slim chance of resolving on their own.
You can seek medical help if you have repeatedly new or old embedded blackheads. Consult a skin specialist (dermatologist) for the removal of blackheads. They will safely remove the whole blackhead which will prevent them from recurring. These professionals use a small tool with fixed metal loops on the ends. These tools are called come done or blackhead extractors. They apply slight pressure around the blackheads and safely remove them.
Conclusion:
Blackheads are a common skin condition that appear as dark, tiny spots on the skin. They mainly affect teenagers but can occur in all age groups. Simple home remedies that might be helpful for getting rid of blackheads include green tea, tea tree oil, sugar scrub or a salt scrub.
If you experience anxiety or feel too self-conscious due to blackheads, you should consult a skin specialist for the appropriate treatment.
Frequently Asked Questions:
1) Are there any home remedies for blackheads?
Home remedies for blackheads are green tea, tea tree oil, salt scrub or sugar scrub. Green tea helps lower the oil production on your skin while tea tree oil can stop the growth of bacteria. The salt or sugar scrub exfoliates your skin and removes the dead skin that is clogging the open skin pore.
2) What is a blackhead?
Blackheads, also called open comedones, are dark, tiny spots on the skin. These are open cavities on the skin clogged with dead skin and excess oil.
3) Are blackheads common?
Yes, blackheads are very common in teenagers but can affect people of both genders in all age groups.
4) What is the difference between blackheads and whiteheads?
Blackheads are clogged hair follicles that reach the skin surface and open. They appear black in colour.
Whiteheads are clogged hair follicles that stay under the skin and form a white bump.
5) Is green tea good for blackheads?
Yes, green tea is good for blackheads. The oil production in your skin can be controlled with the help of wet green tea leaves.
6) Can I use tea tree oil for blackheads?
Yes, tea tree oil may be helpful for blackheads. Tea tree oil can stop bacterial growth and help fight blackheads.
7) Are blackheads contagious?
No, blackheads are not contagious and do not spread from one person to another. Blackheads are not an infection.
8) I am worried and feel anxious about my blackheads. What should I do?
You can consult a dermatologist or a cosmetologist if you feel anxious and want to get them removed.
9) Are there any over-the-counter medicines for blackheads?
You should always consult your doctor before taking any medicines for blackheads. You may use mild scrubs available over the counter. However, avoid consuming any oral medications or local applications to get rid of them. There is a high risk of harm or side effects.
10) What causes blackheads?
Our entire body has sebaceous glands, and most of these glands are connected to hair follicles. Blackheads are open comedones, that develop due to inflammation of the sebaceous gland or a hair follicle. The inflammation occurs due to excess production of sebum by the sebaceous gland, excess production of male hormones like testosterone, abnormal keratin formation, or increased acne-producing bacteria on the skin.
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